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This section provides a summary of the procedures for applying for a Personal Protection Order (PPO) at the Family Justice Courts.
The information provided below is general in nature and is not intended as legal advice. The Family Justice Courts cannot provide legal advice or assist with drafting the contents of any document.
References to legislation
If you are experiencing family violence, you may apply for a PPO to protect yourself and
your children, if they are below 21 years old, against future violence.
This section helps you to understand what family violence is, how a PPO helps you and the procedures for applying a PPO in the Family Justice Courts.
What is Family Violence?
Family violence refers to:
Women’s Charter (CAP. 353), Section 64.
Who can apply for a Personal Protection Order (PPO)?
You can apply for a PPO against a family member who is related to you in any of the following manners:
How do I apply for a PPO?
You may draft your application for a PPO via iFAMS at your own convenience or apply straight for a PPO at the Family Protection Centre at Level 1.
If you are unable to come personally to the Family Justice Courts to make the application, you may go to any of the following Family
Violence Specialist Centres (FVSC) to make your application through a video-link facility:
What other orders can the Court make in a family violence case?
What if I am afraid to see the Respondent in Court?
You may wish to have your family member or friend accompany you to the Court. If no one is able to accompany you, you may discuss with the counsellors at the Family Protection Centre regarding alternative arrangements, such as attending the Court Mentions at a video-link agency. Please note that this option is not available during a court trial.
What happens if the respondent does not obey the court order(s)?
You should report the matter to the police immediately. The police will then decide whether to investigate the matter, and whether to charge the respondent for a breach of the order. This will be done in the
Criminal Justice Division at the State Courts building.
If you obtained your protection order before 1 May 1997, you can file a Magistrate's Complaint for breach of the order at the
Crime Registry. If the Court is satisfied that there are sufficient grounds for proceeding, the Court will direct the police to investigate the matter.
section 65(8) of the Women's Charter, a breach of an expedited order or personal protection order is a criminal offence. The offence is punishable by a fine of up to $2,000, or by imprisonment of up to six months, or both. A second or subsequent offence is punishable by a fine of up to $5,000, or by imprisonment of up to 12 months, or both.
When will the Court grant a PPO?
Under section 65(1) of the Women's Charter, the Court will grant a personal protection order if it is satisfied, on a balance of probabilities, that family violence has been committed or is likely to be committed against you, and that such an order is necessary for your protection.
Do I need a lawyer?
No, you do not need a lawyer to apply for a PPO. If you need to be legally represented at the court hearing, you may engage a lawyer. To maintain impartiality, Court Staff are not able to provide legal advice or recommend lawyers. You may refer to the
Law Society for a list of lawyers. If you need legal advice or legal assistance, please seek help from the
Community Justice Centre,
Community Legal Clinics or
Legal Aid Bureau.
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