Youth Arrest Cases

Youth Arrest Cases

The primary aim of the Youth Courts in dealing with young offenders is to rehabilitate, reform and reintegrate them back into society, while balancing the need for protection of the public and the right of the victim to see that justice has been done.

Under the Children and Young Persons Act (CYPA), young offenders below 16 years old are charged in the Youth Courts, unless charged with offences triable only by the High Court or are jointly charged with an adult offender.

Special rules apply so that a young offender charged in the Youth Courts is not labelled a criminal, is not exposed to adult criminals and is shielded from the full glare of publicity. For example, words like ‘found guilty’ and ‘orders’ are used instead of ‘conviction’ or ‘sentence’. Young offenders charged in the Youth Courts are also separate from adult accused persons from the point of arrest up to trial. It is also prohibited to publish any information relating to the proceedings that may lead to their identification.